An Experimental Study of High-Damping Rubber Bearings (HDRB) and Their Implications for the Seismic Performance of Cable-Stayed Bridges

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Ahmed Ramadan Ahmed, Yermoshin N. A , Feras A. R. Temimi


This article investigates the efficiency of high damping rubber bearings (HDRB), which are made of special rubber with excellent damping attributes and layers of steel. HDRB isolators have excellent flexibility, vibration reduction ability, and high restoring ability for controlling the seismic response of long-span cable-stayed bridge systems under near-fault ground motions. The seismic isolation of cable-stayed bridges is achieved using high-damping rubber bearings (HDRB). High-damping rubber bearings have excellent seismic effects during earthquakes. The elastic stiffness of the bearing depends on the degree of deformation. When the deformation is small, the stiffness will be large. Therefore, compressive stiffness is one of the key parameters in the design of seismic isolation bearings for cable-stayed bridges. For this reason, predicting the behavior of high-damping rubber bearings under compressive loads is highly important for their design. Therefore, the experimental verification of high-damping rubber bearings (HDRB) for compressive loading was tested according to the standard assumptions in STN EN 1337-3. Firstly, periodic vertical compression tests are performed, and the high damping rubber (HDRB) capabilities and energy dissipation are analysed, taking into account the effect of vertical compression and loading frequency. Secondly, a corrected calculation of the vertical stiffness for high-damping rubber bearings is proposed based on experimental data to provide a more accurate and realistic tool for measuring the vertical mechanical properties of rubber bearings. The test results prove that HDRB has the most advanced performance. For the fatigue property, the hysteresis curves of the HDRB plump both vertically, which provides a good energy dissipation effect.


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