The Impact of Social Capital as the Basis of Lpd in the Context of Economic Empowerment of Small Fishing Communities

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I Gusti Lanang Putu Tantra, Ngurah Wisnu Murthi


Every country in any part of the world without exception Indonesia is one of the countries that always strives to improve its welfare as stated in the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution, especially the fourth paragraph, according to Robinson (2004) efforts to achieve this goal require a relatively long time and go through a fairly long historical process. The main problems in this study are as follows: What social capital factors determine the significance of the role of LPD; How social capital as the basis of LPD determines the strategy and form of economic empowerment; The impact of social capital as the basis of LPD in the economic empowerment of small fishermen in Les Traditional Village, Tejakula, Buleleng Regency. Descriptive data analysis is carried out before entering the field, during the field and after completion in the field. This data analysis analysis was carried out on sources related to the research of several studies conducted previously. The impact of government hegemony can be seen in the role of LPD in encouraging community economic empowerment based on social capital, to support economic activities in indigenous villages, as evidenced by the contribution of LPD Desa Adat Les Penuktukan in the form of village development donations and social donations taken from the net profit obtained by the microfinance institution. The impact on Hinduism is evidenced by the role of LPD in assisting the implementation of religious ceremonies both at Khayangan Village temple, and mass ngaben, and various other religious activities. The social impact that can be shown as a result of the economic empowerment of small fishing communities implemented by LPD based on social capital, is in the form of social assistance provided to poor families of small fishermen, sports activities, arts, scholarships for underprivileged students, donations to residents who experience death, illness with permanent disability, and others. Then the impact on culture, seen in the preservation of Balinese culture through various activities to hold Hindu sraman, dance activities, sound art (kekawin), and other traditional arts. Meanwhile, the economic impact is shown through the efforts of LPD Desa Adat Les Penuktukan in funding the arrangement of Les coastline, where efforts are made to use the beach for tourism supporting facilities, so that residents can control and manage these resources to face tourism capitalist competition, and competition between financial institutions that have penetrated into Les Penuktukan Traditional Village.

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